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Encryption Explained

Encryption Explained




What is Encryption?

Encryption is a means of electronic security that involves
methodologies facilitated in order to provide the protection of digital and
virtual information systems, which are considered to be classified, private,
personal, or restricted to viewing on the part of authorized individuals. Electronic
trespassing measures undertaken in order to achieve the unlawful entry into –
or access of – personal computer terminals belonging to
victims of cyber-crime, may include the illicit and unlawful access of
informational databases and digital record systems.

Encryption
Terminology

The necessity to protect vital – and oftentimes privileged –
information has been observable throughout the annals of history; historians
have discovered coding and masking techniques with regard to clandestine
communication employed for hundreds of years. Modern Encryption techniques have
adapted to the growing need of privacy, safety, and protection resulting from a
respective ability to access information as per the technological advances of
the Digital age.

A cipher is mathematical equation that
correlates to the decoding process of a message or text that has been encrypted

A code provides a replacement for a text or
message, while a cipher is an encryption methodology that must be deciphered in
order to reveal the message or text in question

Administrative
Encryption

Cryptology is the scientific field specializing in the
development, advancement, and synthesis of the Encryption process The
Department of Digital Rights Management (DRM) is considered to be at the
forefront of the creation, regulation, authentication, and development of a
majority of the Encryption facilitated by the Federal Government.

Why is Encryption
Necessary?

Due to the fact that the criminal activity known as
‘Hacking’ is conducted with the intent to commit a crime, Encryption provides
for the protection and safety of digital information. Due to technological
innovation, electronic identity theft is considered
by many to be one of the most recently-developed crimes, credited – in part –
to the ongoing advent of computer-based technology. This type of technology
relies heavily on the Internet and online activity, and as a result,
regulations and oversight of this type of activity has been expressed in the
spectrum of
preventative measures involving the cessation of electronic
identity theft.

Computer Fraud and Identity Theft

 

Computer fraud is a
type of theft involving the criminal act of electronically obtaining the
personal – or private – information belonging to another individual or entity
through the use of technological – albeit illegal, unlawful, unethical, or
fraudulent – means. Within the realm of computer fraud, the criminal act of electronic
identity theft is defined as the
act of illegally assuming the
identity of another human being without their consent with the intent of
committing fraud, theft, exploitative acts, and harm
.


The
receipt of economic gain at the expense of victims of identity fraud takes
place through the deliberate misrepresentation of personal information or private
data; in many cases, this type of electronic data is attained through the
electronic infiltration with regard to computer systems containing electronic
data.


How to Prevent
Electronic Identity Theft

Companies providing methods of Identity theft prevention –
including Lifelock, which is one of the most widely-acclaimed and recognized –
have employed protective measures ranging from securing online perimeters to
communicative transmission inquiring about the validity of unsubstantiated
activity; these types of companies have found their respective niche within the
prevention of identity fraud upon providing protection in lieu of infringing on
personal privacy. 

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